Journal Article — Heterodoxical Haiti and Structural Violence: Fanonian Reflections — by Patrick Sylvain

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Abstract

The objective of this article is to demonstrate that heterodoxicality and structural violence in Haiti are intrinsically linked and that dynamics of democratic representation must be seen as a part of a continuous struggle that started during the war of independence. In Haiti’s socio-political and cultural juncture, heterodoxicality must be seen as a mechanism through which opposition can be expressed where cultural and political parts are not fully synchronized, but are still necessary for direct democracy. Furthermore, the prevalence of structural violence cannot delineate from the systematic exploitation that commenced with slavery and proceeded through colonization and the subsequent subaltern dictatorial regimes that functioned as proxies for foreign interests. The non-dialogic culture of Haiti is substantially linked to the tyrannical nature of slavery and its impact on the established institutions and subsequent dictatorial governments (regimes) that brutally emerged and maintained power by force, and in turn, further influenced the cultural path of society. In Haiti, brute and authoritative force were employed regularly, on the one hand to maintain dictatorial power, and on the other, as an attempt to quell the voices and control the actions of the disenfranchised and discontented who sought to resist and fight the rules of the established power.

Recommended Citation

Sylvain, Patrick. 2007. “Heterodoxical Haiti and Structural Violence: Fanonian Reflections.” Pp. 331-340 in Reflections on Fanon: The Violences of Colonialism and Racism, Inner and Global—Conversations with Frantz Fanon on the Meaning of Human Emancipation (Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge: Volume V, Special Issue, 2007.) Belmont, MA: Okcir Press (an imprint of Ahead Publishing House).

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