Journal Article — Blackness-In-Itself and Blackness-For-Itself: Frantz Fanon’s Program for Racial Change — by H. Alexander Welcome
Given Jean-Paul Sartre’s influence on the theories of Frantz Fanon it would be easy to label Fanon’s work derivative. Yet, to do so would be to ignore the many ways in which Fanon developed Sartre’s theories of race. Ironically Sartre, who famously criticizes the subordination of individuals and groups to positions of inauthenticity, restricts black existence when he posits the latter as a minor term in a dialectic of freedom wherein blackness will ultimately be abolished. Using this position as a starting point Fanon lays out an implicit theory of race-in-itself, and race-for-itself, wherein blackness struggles to articulate its own existence.
Welcome, H. Alexander. 2007. “Blackness-In-Itself and Blackness-For-Itself: Frantz Fanon’s Program for Racial Change.” Pp. 179-190 in Reflections on Fanon: The Violences of Colonialism and Racism, Inner and Global—Conversations with Frantz Fanon on the Meaning of Human Emancipation (Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge: Volume V, Special Issue, 2007.) Belmont, MA: Okcir Press (an imprint of Ahead Publishing House).
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