mentorIng, methods, and movementst. K. hopkIns colloquIum 317Niagara Movement 95objective knowledge 109objectivity 53occupations 5official intellectuals 118oppression 102, 111, 129oriental despotism 28othersystemic movements 146, 147, 162Ottoman Empire 46, 47, 48, 198, 199Pakistan 48Palat, Ravi Arvind 13, 25, 27, 61, 150,171, 176, 177, 200, 235, 238, 306Palestine 73parochialism 12, 15, 18, 23Parsonian sociology 48, 104patriarchy 111, 112, 137peasants 6, 46pedagogy 35, 36people empowerment 111, 112, 122,166peripheralization 98peripheries 21, 22personal ii, vi, 43, 51, 57, 71, 73, 116,123, 125, 127, 128, 139, 140, 141,151, 152, 153, 154, 157, 158, 160,163, 164, 166, 202Petras, Elizabeth McLean 63, 153, 154,171, 181, 190, 200, 306petty bourgeoisie 94, 95Philippines 122Phillips, Peter 184, 230, 237pluriversity 158, 167Poland 69Polanyi, Karl 3, 4, 7, 24, 43, 46, 49, 50,57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62“The Great Transformation” 3, 7, 46,50, 59, 62“Trade and Markets in the EarlyEmpires” 46political cynicism 116politics of evaluation and judgment 4“positive unoriginality” thesis 27, 31postmodern feminists 105postmodernism 105, 106poststructuralism 47, 105, 106, 109postwar comparativists 54prejudice 68, 69process versus place 63profit 6, 123proletarianization 58, 59proletariat 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97protectionism 57, 58Protestantism 7provincializing Europe 31public opinion 5Qingpu, Zhu 187race 97race and class vi, 90, 92, 104race and racism vi, 12, 19, 49, 61, 68,69, 90, 91, 92, 95, 97, 98, 102, 104,105, 106race, class, and gender 102race/class issue 90reading “Capital” 44reflexivity 141regionalism vi, 63, 64, 65, 66regulation 5, 58, 60, 138Reifer, Thomas 181, 256, 265, 296, 298rereading the classics 3, 6, 7research centers 14, 22resistance 89reversiblity vs. irreversibility of time 53,54revolutionary class 92Robinson, Cedric 138, 161, 171, 176Robinson, Elizabeth 188ruling class 93